Paper 2–Writing攻略

句子結構殘缺不全

 

解決文法通病

組句能力較差是英語初學者的一大通病。不少學生寫的句子支離破碎,文法方面錯誤,這就使寫作失去應有基礎。現舉例說明。

Example 1

The weather is fine, I suggest we go for an outing.

兩個没有任何修飾關係的獨立句子,中間如果只用逗號隔開,從語法角度是錯誤。這樣的句式在學生作文中常見,顯示出不少學生缺少組句這一基本概念。

修改辦法主要有以下幾種:

The weather is fine, so I suggest we go for an outing.

As/since the weather is fine, I suggest we go for an outing.

   

Example 2

Although he had only entered the contest for fun, but he won first prize.

由although/though引起的句子,其主句不能出現but,許多學生好像形成了一種頑固的思維,在實際應用中很難走出這怪現象。

修改辦法:把but去掉。

 

Example 3

Because his wife's being there, I said nothing about it.

這又是不少學生的典型錯誤,往往把because…引起的從句獨立成句,從而使它與主句截然分離。此外不少學生不會使用because和because of,造成它們之間的錯位。

此句可改為:

Because of his wife's being there/Because his wife was there, I said nothing about it.

 

Example 4

Korea has taken place great changes in recent years.

這句的錯誤在於受漢語組句邏輯影響,没有弄清take place的詞性。"take place", "happen", "occur"這幾個表示"發生"的詞都是不及物動詞,所以主語應該是所發生的事件/事物而不應該是地點式時間。  

可改為:

Great changes have taken place in Korea in recent years.

There have been great changes in Korea in recent years.

Korea has seen great changes these years.

 

Example 5

There is a man at the bus-stop wait for somebody.

這種句型的主語實際上是there be後面的 'noun' 或'gerund'。當它的 'subject' 是 'noun' 時,不能緊接'verb',可以把可能出現的動詞變participle或者adjective clause來修飾句子的 'subject'。

上句可改為:

At the bus-stop, there is a man waiting for somebody/who is waiting for somebody.

 

Example 6

To learn a language well, much practice is necessary.

這句話好像没有甚麼錯誤,但仔細研究就會發現句中的 'verb'與主句的 'subject'在邏輯上不一致。to learn a language well是表示目的,但不能修飾主句中的主語 "much practice"。

全句應改為:

To learn a language well, we need much practice.

 

 

Example 7

Not only most students in the class but also the head teacher oppose the plan.

在"not only… but also", "either… or…", "neither… nor…"這些結構中,動詞的數採取就近原則,即與它最靠近的主語一致。許多學生在寫作中忽略這一點。所以上句的oppose 應改為opposes。

 

Example 8

I forgot that my paper is due on Friday and that Miss Li had said she will not accept late papers.

學生對於時態把握和運用是一個比較普遍弱點。特別是在臨考狀態中,許多學生顧不上時態問題,主要是平時練習得太少。時態問題是考驗英語基本功,如不注意就會失掉許多印象分。

上面這句應改為:

I forgot that my paper was due on Friday and that Miss Li had said she would not accept late papers.

 

以上是一部份學生常錯誤的寫作文法問題,同學們考試時記得要留意,不要因為大意的文法錯誤而失分!