詞語理解題 (Word in Context Questions) 不僅是考詞語本身意義,而且考核同學對上文下理之間的理解。因此,這類試題一般都不會考查詞語的本義(denotation),而是強調單詞中的含義(connotation)。詞語理解題在DSE Paper 1 Reading佔分非常之重,其答題方式主要有四種:

  1. Multiple Choice Questions 多項選擇題
  2. Dictionary Entry 字典定義題
  3. Finding a word or phrase to replace a particular meaning 字詞取代題
  4. Short Questions 短答題

 

要好好應付以上四種必考題型,就一定要掌握以下五種技巧:

 

1. Contextual Clues (語言線索)

由於某一個詞與周圍的詞語有著不同聯系,它的詞義也必然受到附近的語言環境所約束,那麼我們就可通過這種約束去判斷詞義,尤其是在不同句子中,同一單詞所產生的不同詞義。

猜一猜間了底線的字的意思:

‘What!’ said the man, ‘Do you actually have the effrontery to ask me for the money when I have just told you that you cannot have any more?’

 

Answer: effrontery = 厚臉皮

 

2. Definition (定義)

被下定義的詞語多數是術語或者是具有特定含義的詞語,作者為了讓讀者明白所介紹的新名詞,往往先下定義,然後再慢慢地詳述作用。

猜一猜間了底線的字的意思:

Acupuncture is the treatment of diseases by inserting fine needles into the body at specific points.

 

Answer: Acupuncture = 針灸

 

3. Example (舉例)

有些術語可以通過下定義,或者借助不同句式來加以解釋。不過,由於有些術語的概念過於抽象,故作者不得不從生活常識中列舉一些實例去加以說明。

猜一猜間了底線的字的意思:

Calipers are instruments which are used for measuring dimensions. For example, they can be used to measure diameters.

 

Answer: Calipers = 測徑器

 
4. Re-Phrasing (重述)

重述是近似於運用同義詞(synonyms)去解釋的表達方法,它採用了其它方法表示已表達過的同一個意思,從而避免反複使用同一個字或詞語,以免使到文章出現枯燥乏味的現象。

猜一猜間了底線的字的意思:

The government gave money to people to help them buy house. This system of subsidised housing made many people leave the city.

 

Answer: subsidized = 資助的

 

5. Background Knowledge (背景知識)

有些文章生詞比例雖然較少,但閱讀文章時仍然會感到相當吃力。另一方面,一個讀者若然對所閱讀內容背景非常熟悉,那麼在文章中即使出現的生詞較多,也不會對理解文意產生有多大影響。

猜一猜間了底線的字的意思:

In many countries today, the decision to marry is usually based on a mutual agreement between the man and the woman. Parents may or may not be asked to give their permission.

 

Answer: mutual = 相互的